best time to come to togian islands
Good for: Large animals, small animals, wall diving, underwater photography, reef life and health, visibility, dive value-for-money, advanced divers and snorkelling
Not so great for: Non-diving activities
Depth: 5 - >40m
Visibility: 20 - 40m
Surface Conditions: Normally Calm
Water Temperature: 27 - 30°C
Experience Level: Beginner - advanced
Number of dive sites: ~30
Recommended length of stay: 7 to 14 days
Most of the dives are on wall or steep slopes. There can be some current, but it is relatively easy diving. Watch out for your depth though, because with clear water it is so easy to go deeper than intended. Around the inner islands calm waters with visibility of about 20m to 30m but close to the mangrove areas visibility can worsen some.
The Gulf of Tomini is between 95km and 200km wide with a maximum depth of 4180m (Gorontalo trough). The Togian Island Group (Kepulauan Togian) are a archipelago of six main and about 60 smaller islands. They lie on a submarine ridge in the southeast of the gulf and are of volcanic origin, actually Unauna in the northwest is an active volcano. The islands rise steeply from 1200 to 1500m. The land area covers about 755km². The islands lie just a few kilometers south of the equator.
If you want to see healthy coral reefs in pristine conditions and lots of fish you should go to the Togian islands. The reefs mostly consist of corals with impressively large sponges and gorgonian fans. The biodiversity is high, a rapid marine assessment by Center for Applied Biodiversity in 1998 has found a reef fauna containing at least 314 species of corals, 541 species of molluscs and 819 species of fish! 1995 some scientists discovered that a few marine species occur nowhere else in Indonesia, for example 3 endemic coral species. The Tomini gulf is cut off from the primary ocean currents that run north to south on either side of Sulawesi so the dispersal of planktonic larvaes is restricted. There is also a theory, that the Togean islands were a refuge for species isolated by the low sea level during the ice age.
Here you find all kinds of reefs, from a large barrier reef stretching from one end to the other of the archipelago in the north and smaller fringing reefs as well as a few atolls. The reefs and large coastal mangrove areas are habitat and breeding areas for the hawksbill turtle, the green turtle and the dugong. On land there are also interesting animals to see like many rare birds (hornbills, parrots) and other animals. With luck you might even see the endemic Togian Hawk-owl (Ninox burhani).
The Togians were declared a National Park in 2004, but there is no park administration center yet or patrols. Because a lot of people live from coconuts and not much from fishing, there is still an abundance of fish life. there seem to be some parts of the reef that were damaged by dynamite fishing,but we didn't see any actual damage. Around the Tengah Walea Dive Center there is an area which is protected from that kind of fishing since 5 years.
Source by : Kadidiri Paradise